Administration, Commerce and Transport
The ISO application level syntax rules
for the structuring of user data and of
the associated service data in the
interchange of messages in an open
A system of simultaneous equations for
forecasting based on mutual dependency
among the variables used.
That speed of a means of transport which
produces the best possible financial
result for the owner. Such speed should
not be in excess of the maximum or
minimum output allowed for the engine(s).
A phenomenon which encourages the
production of larger volumes of a
commodity to reduce its unit cost by
distributing fixed costs over a greater
The process of transacting business
electronically. This includes the
sharing of unstructured of structured
business information by any electronic
means among suppliers, customers,
governmental bodies, service providers
and other parties in order to conduct
and execute transactions in business,
administrative and other activities.
The transfer of structured data, by
agreed standards from applications on
the computer of one party to the
applications on the computer of another
party by electronic means.
The computerized handling of information
(E.g. business data).
Equipment used to discharge some bulk
cargoes such as grain which is removed
from the hold by a continuous line of
buckets or by suction and carried on a
conveyor belt to store.
The sending of unstructured messages
through the use of computer systems from
one person to others.
A government order prohibiting the entry
or departure of commercial vessels or
goods at its ports.
The refusal by a carrier, for a limited
period, to accept for transport over any
route or segment thereof, and to or from
any area or point, of a connecting
carrier, any commodity, type of class of
cargo duly tendered (air cargo).
Medical procedures in case of
emergencies on board of vessels.
A method of converting information into
a form which can be transmitted over
insecure channels such as phone lines so
that confidentiality is preserved.
The transfer of the right to obtain
delivery of the goods of the carrier by
means of the consignee's signature on
the reverse side of a bill of lading. If
the name of the new consignee
(transferee) is not stated, the
endorsement is an open one which means
that every holder of the document is
entitled to obtain delivery of the
Document issued by a party interested in
the purchase of goods specified therein
and indicating particular, desirable
conditions regarding delivery terms,
etc., addressed to a prospective
supplier with a view to obtain an offer.
An Organization created to provide
products and/or services to customers.
A tangible or abstract thing of
relevance to business about which data
may be kept. Example: Customer, Order
Material resources necessary to
facilitate the transport or the handling
of cargo. Transport equipment does under
the given circumstances not have the
ability to move by its own propulsion
(e.g. sea container, trailer, unit load
device, and pallet).
Written statement concerning damage of
an equipment, based on a physical
Physical inspection and transfer
The expected date and time of arrival in
a certain (air) port.
The expected date and time of Departure
from a certain (air) port.
Article Numbering Association
An international body responsible for
administering the European Article
It has affiliates in many countries such
as: CCG in West Germany, DCC in Japan,
ANA in the United Kingdom.
Note: The North American body
responsible for the Uniform Product Code
(UPC) coding is the Uniform Code
Council. (UPC is considered a subset of
Pool for the exchange of standard size
pallets (the so-called Euro pallets) in
European cargo traffic, formed in 1961
by a number of European rail
A charge for inland haulage transport in
case of carrier haulage in Europe.
Said of a vessel which is balanced in
such a way that the draft forward and
aft is the same as the draft in the
midship of the vessel on both sides.
Something, records, which supports a
claim or hypothesis.
See Inco Terms
See Exemption Clause
Going over the prescribed amount or
degree e.g. excess luggage is luggage of
which the weight is over the weight for
That portion of stock on hand which is
over and above the desired stock level.
The rate at which one currency can be
exchanged for another.
The actual act of carrying out a task.
A clause in a contract, which relieves
the carrier's responsibility for certain
Likely to occur or appear.
The 'rushing' or 'chasing' of production
or purchase orders which are needed in
less than the normal lead time.
See Disposable Pallet
Costs paid out in connection with
booking of cargo and arranging transport
Termination of a certain period of tome
or use of an article.
The process of carrying or sending goods
to another country or countries,
especially for purposes of use or sale
in the country of destination. The sale
of products to clients abroad.
Document granting permission to export
as detailed within a specified time.
Company, packing goods for export.
The party responsible for the export of